TopperBD has been providing latest and authentic information of the current world since July,2017. The Chief Justice shall be appointed by the President, and the other judges shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice. 65 Article 115 was substituted by section 19 the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act No. It amended, among others, Article 65 of the constitution, providing for reservation of thirty seats for the next 10 years in the Jatiya Sangsad exclusively for women members, to be elected by the members of the Sangsad. Affirming that it is our sacred duty to safeguard, protect and defend this Constitution and to maintain its supremacy as the embodiment of the will of the people of Bangladesh so that we may prosper in freedom and may make our full contribution towards international peace and co operation in keeping with the progressive aspirations of mankind; We have created this site to establish social network among the people of the world. Fundamental Principle of State Policy: Article 8 of the Constitution provides four major fundamental principle of state policy. It has only one house, which known as “House of the Nation”. To get something unique, stay with us. Subject to the other provisions of this article, a Judge shall hold office until he attains the age of sixty-seven years. It amended Articles 2, 3, 5, 30 and 100 of the constitution. Unitary government means all power centralized under the constitution. Eleventh Amendment Act: This Act was passed on 6 August 1991. Written Constitution: The Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh is a written document. Provisions were made through this amendment for the suspension of some fundamental rights of citizens in an emergency. Generally the following are the classifications of the constitutions: The constitution of Bangladesh was formally adopted by the National Assembly on 4 November 1972. Article 8(1) of the Bangladesh Constitution mentions secularism along with nationalism, democracy and socialism as the fundamental principles of state policy. This Act amended the Fourth Schedule to the constitution by adding a new paragraph 18 thereto, which provided that all amendments, additions, modifications, substitutions and omissions made in the constitution during the period between 15 August 1975 and 9 April 1979 (both days inclusive) by any Proclamation or Proclamation Order of the Martial Law Authorities had been validly made and would not be called in question in or before any court or tribunal or authority on any ground whatsoever. ˜bC�¡.Àå#)(:úSyänÜåÁ]yJAH1¡©/çÕP>Ÿ¥°- 1 \¨ãÌÚNñ¥¾@ a. Tenth Amendment Act: The Tenth Amendment Act was enacted on 12 June 1990. It has only one house, which known as “House of the Nation”. Unitary Government System: Article 1 of the Constitution provides that Bangladesh is a unitary people’s republic. Article 65: Landholding by non-citizens (1) A person who is not a citizen may hold land on the basis of leasehold tenure only, and any such lease, … It is well settled that if an order is passed by any authority in favour of a person and the same is acted upon by him a vested right is created in favour of that person and the same cannot be … Unicameral Legislature: According to Article 65 of Bangladesh constitution, legislative assembly is unicameral. It contains 153 articles, one preamble and seven schedules. Article 70 of the Constitution of Bangladesh is a controversial clause restricting voting freedom in the Parliament of Bangladesh, written in the country's constitution. Article 7 provides that, this constitution is as the solemn expression of the will of the people, the supreme law of the Republic, and if any other law is inconsistence with this Constitution that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be canceled. Bangladesh 1972 (reinst. Sixth Amendment Act: The Sixth Amendment Act was enacted by the Jatiya Sangsad with a view to amending Articles 51 and 66 of the 1981 constitution. The Constitution has also entrenched in the article 65(2) the principle of affirmative action as in South Africa, Namibia, Uganda, Argentina, and Tanzania, for fifty reserved seat for women representation in … Inserted articles 7A and 7B in the Constitution after Article 7 in a bid to end takeover of power through extra-constitutional means, Basic provisions of the constitution are not amendable, In the case of a dissolution Parliament by any reason, election should be held within 90 days of such dissolution, Increasing the number of women reserve seats to 50 from existing 45, The Supreme Command of the defense services shall vest in the President and the exercise thereof shall be regulated by law, 11. EDUCATION, LAW, The Constitution of Bangladesh is the supreme law of Bangladesh. Fifth Amendment Act: This Amendment Act was passed by the Jatiya Sangsad on 6 April 1979. It is worthwhile to mention here that, Article 7(2) and 26 of the constitution of Bangladesh impose certain limitation on parliament in making laws. CONS TITUTION OF THE PEOP LE 'S R E P U B L IC O F B A N G L A D E S H 4th November 1 972 P R E A M B L E W e, the people of B angladesh, having proclaim ed our Independence on the 26th day of M arch, It may be noted here that the Supreme Court subsequently declared the amendment of Article 100 unconstitutional since it had altered the basic structure of the constitution. This Preamble contains the legal as well as moral basis of the Constitution. The Vice President to act as President or to discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence, of President constituteproject.org It declares Bangladesh as a secular democratic republic where sovereignty belongs to the people; and lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles of the state and spells out the fundamental rights of citizens. Bangladesh - Bangladesh - Government and society: While Bangladesh’s constitution of 1972 specifies a parliamentary form of government under a prime minister and a president elected by a national assembly, its implementation has been interrupted by coups. The fundamental rights of the people in Bangladesh are listed under Articles 27 to 44 of Part III, and the jurisdiction of the high court Division of the Supreme Court to enforce the rights is defined in Article 102 of Part Vl of the Constitution of 1972. —��‰¡åP1gk…(­R, %V[do]@BR.C*W/rC'P>TK"8U?A]17t+g=L9uj(.BI#nb@?>\OR^K*pYb>(CcT3%sIYip2jm^5i")+58hYm^>Mip)n1&3Y6F54W3;qD0Yi(3A@9W-o:Tdp8Whn^Y)^=3%+gkddbeOo#l>qUlN@3F@8=R,R^0GlZ4qDPZ]W[8u>QQrFV[+5?Xu6E`,D@NX,-T. History. After Article 47 it inserted a new Article 47A specifying inapplicability of certain fundamental rights in those cases. It amended the Fourth Schedule to the constitution by adding a new paragraph 21 thereto which legalized the appointment and oath of Shahabuddin Ahmed, Chief Justice of Bangladesh, as the vice-president of the Republic and the resignation tendered to him on 6 December 1990 by the then President HM Ershad. Supremacy of the Constitution: The Constitution Supremacy has been ensured in the Constitution of Bangladesh. This Amendment Act (i) declared Islam as the state religion; (ii) decentralized the judiciary by setting up six permanent benches of the High Court Division outside Dhaka; (iii) amended the word ‘Bengali’ into ‘Bangla’ and ‘Dacca’ into ‘Dhaka’ in Article 5 of the constitution; (iv) amended Article 30 of the constitution by prohibiting acceptance of any title, honors, award or decoration from any foreign state by any citizen of Bangladesh without the prior approval of the president. Article 27: Equality before law, Article 28: Discrimination on grounds of religion, sex, caste etc, Article 39: Freedom of thought and conscience, and of speech. 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