In 1988, the show transferred to the newly renovated Ronacher Theatre where it ran for another two years before closing on its seventh anniversary in September 1990. The concert was attended by T.S. [283][284], Cats has been produced by various professional regional theatre companies. ), Cats has been translated into over 15 languages and produced professionally in more than 30 countries.[99]. One of these was "Grizabella the Glamour Cat" which, although rejected from Eliot's book for being "too sad for children", gave Lloyd Webber the idea for a full-blown musical. The Really Useful Group, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Veronica Bennetts, Stephanie Manuel and Paul Leddington Wright all contributed and collaborated to bring this production together. Cats on the other hand features four Jellicle-defining songs: "Jellicle Songs for Jellicle Cats", "The Naming of Cats", "The Jellicle Ball" and "The Ad-Dressing of Cats". Let's see which jellicle cat … [5] The concept and the corresponding song "Journey to the Heaviside Layer" are based on an unpublished poem fragment by T. S. As with the contrasting music and dance styles, the costumes and make-up are used to bring out each character's distinct personality. [238][239] Hannah reprised her role for another production that toured Australia and Asia in 2009 and 2010. [276] Finally, the Jellicle patriarch, Old Deuteronomy, appears ("Old Deuteronomy"). [154] The production ran through 2014 before transferring to the West End. [94] The costumes generally consist of a unitard, a wig that is fashioned to suggest the presence of feline ears, patches resembling body fur, and arm and leg warmers to give the performers' hands and feet a more paw-like appearance. The musical was produced by Cameron Mackintosh and Lloyd Webber's Really Useful Group, directed by Trevor Nunn, with associate director and choreographer Gillian Lynne, design by John Napier, and lighting by David Hersey. She was replaced by Elaine Paige. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Jellyorum: Ruthie Henshall, Madeleine M. Gagné, Macavity/Admetus: Bryn Walters, Cameron Ball, Mistoffelees: Graham Fletcher, Louie Spence, John Partridge, Fergus Logan, Joseph Poulton, Michael Scott Gregory, Munkustrap: Gary Martin, Steven Houghton, John Partridge, Shaun Rennie, Ben Palmer, Old Deuteronomy: Bill Nolte, John Ellis, Jobin Andrews, Rum Tum Tugger: John Partridge, John O'Hara, Oliver Savile, Stephen Bienskie, Marcquelle Jermaine Ward, Jerin Andrews, Rumpus Cat/Admetus: Frank Thompson, Jason Gardiner, Rumpelteazer: Veerle Casteleyn, Jo Gibb, Leah-Sue Morland, Jo Bingham, Anita Louise Combe, Jemima/Sillabub: Anita Louise Combe, Ruthie Henshall, Helen Anker, Natasha Mould, Tarryn Gee, Tumblebrutus: Jason Wise, Michael Giacobbe, Victoria: Veerle Casteleyn, Helen Anker , Hannah Kenna Thomas, Anita Louise Combe, Kristi Sperling, Nikki Bolen, David Kent, Leslie Wiesner, Lindsay Chambers, Jasna Ivir, Alexander Riff, Adam Jones, Rod Roberts, Daniella Bruenner, T.J Hee, Annetta Wimmer, Tina Decker, Angela Savage, Kati Farkass, Nikki Romaine, Ton Voogt, Leon Julian Taylor, Manfred Sieffert, Michael Larsen Disney, Gene Scheer, Laura Quin, Kevin Alvey, Niki Ankenbrand, Andie Mellom, Brenton Wilson, Justine Puy, Emily Keane, Darren Tyler, Mischana Dellora- Cornish, Brent Osborne, James Cooper, Monique Chanel Pitsikas, Belinda Allchin, Ranjeet Starr, Alyse Jai Davies, Stephanie Silcock, Sam Marks, Brian Gillespie, Anthony Costanzo, Brenton Wilson, Justine Puy, Emily Keane, Emma Waters, Darren Tyler, Mischana Dellora-Cornish, Brent Osborne, James Cooper, Monique Chanel Pitsikas, Belinda Allchin, Ranjeet Starr, Alyse Jai Davies, Stephanie Silcock, Brian Gillespie, Glen Oliver, Joseph Simons, Stevie Bishop, Richard Meyers, Clare Hobler, Shaun McCallum, Dan Venz, Stacey de Waard, Brooke McMullen, In May 2016, it was announced that Tom Hooper would direct a film adaptation of the musical for Universal Studios with Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner, and Debra Hayward serving as producers. [96] A June closing date was announced in early 2000 but was subsequently pushed back after a resulting surge in ticket sales. Culture Wikia is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Nunn expanded on these concepts by conceiving the Jellicle Ball as an annual ritual in which the cats vie to be chosen to ascend to the Heaviside Layer, thus giving the characters a reason to gather and sing about themselves in the musical. It won numerous awards including Best Musical at both the Laurence Olivier and Tony Awards. The Musical! "[316], Ultimately, critics are polarized on whether Cats has changed musical theatre for the better or for the worse. [394] By 2016, "Growltiger's Last Stand" had been removed completely from the US and UK productions of the show. Cats have been domesticated (tamed) for nearly 10,000 years.. The London production ran for 21 years and 8,949 performances, while the Broadway production ran for 18 years and 7,485 performances, making Cats the longest-running musical in both theatre districts for a number of years. [297] Valerie Eliot used a portion of this money to establish the literary charity Old Possum's Practical Trust, and to set up the T. S. Eliot Prize which has since become "the most coveted award in poetry". She gave her blessing for the songs to be adapted into a musical stage play. ", "TV NOTES; BROADWAY FIRST: 'CATS' DOES ROCK VIDEO TURN", "A Broadway First: 'Cats' Vidclip Gets Digital Sound", "Broadway's 'Cats': Restaged for Eternity (And We Thought They Were Kidding! [298] Robert Cushman's review for The Observer concluded that Cats was flawed but unmissable. Grizabella: Anita Harris, Laurie Beechman, Liz Callaway, Dee Roscioli, Lea Salonga, Paula Lima, Stephanie J. At this moment, Munkustrap, the show's main narrator, explains that tonight the Jellicle patriarch Old Deuteronomy will make an appearance and choose one of the cats to be reborn into a new life on the Heaviside Layer. The most current version, licensed by The Rodgers and Hammerstein Organization, is based on the recent UK Tour. This production is a "slow tour" with engagements lasting for several years in each of the nine cities it has visited. [3], It was announced on 3 August 2012 that a UK tour of the show would open on 9 February 2013, at the Edinburgh Playhouse.[4]. "Beverley Knight Will Take on the Role of Grizabella in Andrew Lloyd Webber's Cats Revival", Jellicle Cats Come Out Tonight as Broadway Revival Begins, Andrew Lloyd Webber Reveals Nicole Scherzinger Backed Out of CATS on Broadway: 'I'm Furious'. The symbolism and meaning of the Musical “Cats”, explained from a Christian point of view. Hersey also used light in an "architectural manner", with fast-changing configurations to spotlight different performers in rapid succession. [192][193], November 1985 saw the premiere of a Norwegian-language production at Det Norske Teatret in Oslo. [97], The plot of Cats revolves around a tribe of cats vying to go to the "Heaviside Layer", which is used as a metaphor for rebirth. Despite its unusual premise that deterred investors initially, the musical turned out to be an unprecedented commercial success, with a worldwide gross of US$3.5 billion by 2012. [119] It overtook the first national tour of Oklahoma! With a third crash and an evil laugh, the "most wanted" cat Macavity appears. Cats opened new regional, touring and international markets that the industry continues to capitalise on. [3] The plot centres on a tribe of cats called the Jellicles, as they come together at the annual Jellicle Ball to decide which one of them will ascend to the Heaviside Layer (their version of heaven) and be reborn into a new life. A sombre moral from Old Deuteronomy is interrupted by a second loud crash, presumably from Macavity, which sends the alarmed cats scurrying. As the "first true megamusical",[321] Cats pioneered a genre of musical theatre that is produced on a grand and global scale. (The physical Kennelly–Heaviside layer is a layer of ionized gas in the upper reaches of the Earth's atmosphere that reflects some radio waves. . Just as Jennyanydots finishes her song, the music changes suddenly and Rum Tum Tugger makes his extravagant entrance in front of the tribe ("The Rum Tum Tugger"). Eliot. Due to the rhythmic nature of Eliot's work, there had been previous attempts before Cats at setting his poems to music, though none of these attempts had been met with much critical or commercial success. The Cats do not understand, so he repeats the message again and Jemima (or Sillabub, depending on the production) sings it in simpler terms ("The Moments of Happiness"). [158][159], The Japanese-language production of Cats by the Shiki Theatre Company has been playing continuously since it premiered in Shinjuku, Tokyo, in November 1983. The original cast included Debra Byrne as Grizabella, John Wood as Old Deuteronomy, Marina Prior as Jellylorum, Jeff Phillips as Rum Tum Tugger, David Atkins as Mistoffelees, and Anita Louise Combe as Sillabub. By Mariana Fernandes Dec 25, 2019. [136][137] Other performers who later joined the production included Lisset,[138] Rocío Banquells,[139] Lila Deneken and Myriam Montemayor Cruz, all of whom played Grizabella. The former was written by Nunn and Stilgoe and was modelled after an unpublished poem by Eliot titled "Pollicle Dogs and Jellicle Cats", while the latter was written by Nunn based on another Eliot poem titled "Rhapsody on a Windy Night". [308], "Heaviside Layer" redirects here. [316] It led the shift in the Broadway market towards big-budget blockbusters and shows that appeal to families and tourists,[89][318] which in turn left smaller productions struggling to compete. The final performance was broadcast live on a large outdoor screen in Covent Garden for fans who could not acquire a ticket. The Ballad remained in the London production until some time in the early 1990s when it was replaced with the Italian aria pastiche. Flagicons with missing country data templates, Béla Tímár, Péter Haumann, Ildikó Hűvösvölgyi, Ildikó Kishonti, Péter Cseke, Béla Szerednyei, Ilona Bencze, Béla Paudits, Mari Kiss, Steve Barton, Ute Lemper, Joachim Kemmer, KrisTina Decker, Michael Reardon, Vlada Aviks, Monica Solem, Mark Morales, George De La Pena, Rebecca Raider, Anthony O'Keefe, Grant Smith, Anita Louise Combe, Jeff Phillips, Marina Prior, Manuel Landeta, Susana Zabaleta, Ariel López Padilla, Maru Dueñas, Olivia Bucio, Guillermo de Uslar, Humberto Manlio, Abel David, Marisol Arreola, Manuel Sánchez, David de la Rosa, Meyra Córdova, Gabriel de Cervantes, Alberto Díaz, Cecilia Huerta, Rosalva Navarro, Fabiola Zepeda, Juan Carlos Casasola, Rafael Santiago, Javier Díaz Dueñas, Alejandra Murga, Héctor Arroyo, Estela Barona, Luis René Aguirre, Lenny Zundel, Simone Brooke, Marcela Valiente, Alejandra Valiente, Claudia Meyer, Guillermo Tellez, Jaime Rojas, Ramiro Guzmán, Enrique Calatayud, Armando Moreno. Cats the musical was written by Andrew Lloyd Webber and first performed on London’s West End in 1981. [100] It played a total of 8,949 performances before closing on its 21st anniversary, 11 May 2002. [120][231] The Sydney production cost $3 million to mount and grossed a record $28 million. [309] Two years later, the original Broadway production won seven Tony Awards, including Best Musical, out of eleven nominations. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. They are one of the most popular pets in the world. In 1997, The New York Times credited the regional and touring productions of Cats with "almost single-handedly reviv[ing] the sagging road business". He was also very impressed by Lloyd Webber's fitting compositions, Napier's environmental set, Lynne's effective and at times brilliant choreography, and Nunn's "dazzling staging" that makes use of the entire auditorium. [201] An English/German-language "Eurotour" production also toured the region from May 1994 to December 1995. When the show transferred to Broadway, several cuts and rewrites were made with the intention of appealing more to an American audience. Mr. Mistoffelees is small and black and can perform feats of magic that no other Cat can do. Her faded appearance and lonely disposition have little effect on her song ("Memory"). [268] Cats was China's highest-grossing musical in 2018, accounting for over 20% of the total grosses from all musicals staged in the country that year. The cast for this tour included Marti Webb as Grizabella, Rosemarie Ford as Bombalurina and John Partridge as Alonzo. [316] Paraphrasing theatre historian Alan Filewod, Marla Carlson wrote: Cats began the progressive transformation of "Broadway" from a specific location into a delocalized "moment of reception" that can be experienced anywhere and everywhere, even while continuing to depend upon the stamp of approval that box-office success in an actual Broadway theater bestows. Suddenly, a loud crash startles the tribe and the cats run offstage in fright. In the original London and Broadway productions, she climbs up a stairway that emerges from the ceiling. Supplementary verses from unpublished poems by Eliot were adapted for "Grizabella: The Glamour Cat" and "The Journey to the Heaviside Layer", while the song "The Moments of Happiness" was taken from a passage in Eliot's The Dry Salvages. Cats is based on T. S. Eliot's 1939 poetry book Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats, with the songs in the musical consisting of Eliot's verse set to music by Andrew Lloyd Webber. The cats put on a play for Old Deuteronomy ("The Awefull Battle of the Pekes and the Pollicles"), telling a story about two dog tribes clashing in the street and subsequently being scared away by the Great Rumpus Cat. [270] This production was revived and toured South Korea from 2011 to 2012, with Insooni and Park Hae-mi taking turns to portray Grizabella. [269], The musical has also been translated and staged nationally in Asia. The musical's profound but polarising influence also reshaped the aesthetic, technology, and marketing of the medium. [33], Cats is an ensemble show with a large supporting cast and no leads.[34]. [23], Many of the ensemble characters were created by the original cast through extensive improvisation sessions held during the rehearsal process. He is accompanied by Jellylorum, who tells of his exploits. The success of the Vienna and Hamburg productions sparked a "musical boom" in the region that saw numerous musicals being launched not just in Germany but also in Switzerland. CAT – (THE PLAY!!! [316][326], Beyond the megamusical, Cats also led the Broadway trend for musicals aimed at families and tourists, which later took the form of the Disney Theatrical Productions and jukebox musicals. Media in category "Cats (musical)" The following 27 files are in this category, out of 27 total. The cats (who break the fourth wall throughout the show) then notice that they are being watched by a human audience, and proceed to explain how the different cats of the tribe are named ("The Naming of Cats"). On 19 June 1997, Cats became the longest-running musical in Broadway history with 6,138 performances. Two, Certainly", "Search Past Winners: Keyword Search – "Cats, "25th Annual Grammy Awards Final Nominations", "Winners: 26th Annual GRAMMY Awards (1983)", "Five reasons why Cats seems to enjoy nine lives", "Thanks to 'Cats,' theater souvenirs are now and forever! Script error: No such module "MultiReplace". Beginning on 6 December, the revival starred Nicole Scherzinger as Grizabella, and featured the original creative team, with direction from Nunn, choreography by Lynne and design by Napier. Beyond the productions in England, the US, Canada, and Australia, the musical has been produced professionally in Hungary, Austria, and Japan, 1983; Sydney and Toronto, 1985; Germany, 1986; France, 1989; Mexico, 1991; Netherlands, 1992; Argentina, 1993; Hong Kong, 1994; Spain, 2003; Poland and Czech Republic, 2004; Russia and Estonia, 2005; Israel, Taiwan, Thailand, South Korea, China and Finland, 2007; Singapore, Hong Kong, Dominican Republic, Norway, Sweden, South Africa, China, Italy, Bulgaria and Japan, 2009; and Brazil and the Philippines, 2010. Eliot's widow Valerie Eliot dies at 86", "Faber & Faber: The Untold Story of a Great Publishing House by Toby Faber – review", "BoJack Horseman Is the Funniest Show About Depression Ever", "Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt serves up a lackluster penultimate episode", "Crazy Ex-Girlfriend Does Cats as Only Crazy Ex-Girlfriend Can", "One-Man Show Cat Brings "High Kicks and Swearing" to Northern Ireland Tonight", "Review of CAT – (THE PLAY!!!) Hushed giggling signals the entrance of Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer, a pair of near-identical Cats. In The Naming of Cats, however, they begin to reveal themselves and that cats have three different names: the one the family uses daily, a more dignified name, and a secret name. [13] Nicole Scherzinger, who played Grizabella in the 2014 West End revival, had originally agreed to reprise the role on Broadway, but her desire to return as a judge on The X Factor led her to withdraw. Producer Cameron Mackintosh then recruited director Trevor Nunn and choreographer Gillian Lynne to turn the songs into a complete musical. [132][141] The revival marked its 200th performance in May 2019. Finally, the Jellicle patriarch, Old Deuteronomy, arrives before the tribe ("Old Deuteronomy"). Some of the popular long haired types of cats are Himalayan cats, Turkish Angora, Persian, Birman, Ragdoll and the famous Maine Coon. He was once a famous actor but is now old and "suffers from palsy which makes his paws shake". The lyrics for "Memory" were not completed by Nunn until well into the previews. The film was directed by David Mallet and was shot at the Adelphi Theatre in London. The US tour continues to use the original Broadway version of the score, including the Italian aria and material cut from newer versions. [118], The fourth national company, Cats National IV, toured the United States for 13 years from March 1987 to December 1999. However, the cats do not understand him, so he has Jemima (also known as Sillabub), the youngest of all Jellicles, sing it in simpler terms ("The Moments of Happiness"). [120] This was followed by a second national tour from 1993 to 1996,[236] during which Delia Hannah made her debut as Grizabella in 1994. Directed by Trevor Nunn and choreographed by Gillian Lynne, Cats first opened in the West End in 1981 and then with the same creative team on Broadway in 1982. Rich found many of Lloyd Webber's songs to be "cleverly and appropriately" pastiche, and was impressed with how Lynne and Nunn distinguished each character through personalised movement. [1], One of Nunn's stipulations for agreeing to direct Practical Cats was that actress Judi Dench would be cast in the musical. [155] Most recently, a UK production played in numerous European cities from 2016 to 2019, with tour stops in Switzerland, Croatia, Belgium, Poland, Bulgaria, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Netherlands, and Luxembourg. It tells the story of a tribe of cats called the Jellicles and the night they make the "Jellicle choice," deciding which cat will ascend to the Heaviside Layer and come back to a new life. [183][184] Stage Entertainment took over the production mid-2002 and moved the show to Berlin (2002–2004)[185][186] and later Düsseldorf (2004–2005),[187] before touring other cities until 2006. [77][78] Similarly, Lloyd Webber introduces a fugue in the overture, and variations of this theme are then repeated throughout the musical until it is finally resolved as Grizabella ascends to the Heaviside Layer. Stagecoach Theatre Arts schools celebrated their 25th anniversary by performing Cats in the Birmingham National Indoor Arena on 24 March 2013. Cats is a sung-through musical composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber, based on the 1939 poetry collection Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats by T. S. Eliot.It tells the story of a tribe of cats called the Jellicles and the night they make the "Jellicle choice," deciding which cat will ascend to the Heaviside Layer and come back to a new life. [ 82 ] before Cats, as without him `` the Rum Tugger. Modernizations to the Hard Rock Cafe t-shirt her age and decrepit condition prevent her from so. 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