For improperly socialized dogs, aggressive behaviors can be a common problem, especially toward strangers. Both dogs should be on leash and be sure that your Pom has a. on. Its not a barking prob as much as it is the growling! Guarding behaviors and excessive barking as they try and tell THEIR humans what THEY want them to do. People enter and exit rooms first. Once the Pomeranian has realized that he is being banished (at least temporarily), he can be let out and placed in the exact same situation as before when he acted out. The fluffy double-coat comes in a vast array of colors, from white and black, to red and fawn. Have your helper come with treats already in their pocket, and you will have treats as well. Only after your Pomeranian has proven himself to behave well around other dogs, should you then move training to inside your home (and in some cases, this is not needed at all). Increase the visits by 5 minutes per day until the maximum time of 30 minutes. Pomeranians are natural born barkers and will alert you if a stranger is at a door, or when a leaf falls off a tree. Health Problems. Socialize from an early age. Even if your pup has met them before, there’s a good chance they still bark. For example, if he was in the living room and had nipped at someone's ankles, place him there and have that person walk across the room again. Poms are known to suffer the following health issues, the black Pomeranian is no different: Ask some friends, family members and neighbours to help you and, ideally, they should be people your dog isn’t used to. All about Pomeranians by Champion Pomeranian breeder, Denise Leo of Dochlaggie fame. Then, comes the question of, what defines aggression with a Pomeranian? To prepare for this, you will first want to have a designated 'time out' area for your Pomeranian. Pomeranian puppy behaviour training needs to be started from day one. First, as we mentioned earlier, you will want to be positive that your Pomeranian does not have any health issues since this can trigger aggressive behavior. Each time your Pom behaves well in the presence of the other dog, give praise every minute or so. If your Pomeranian is usually well-behaved but one day he suddenly demonstrates aggression, it may be because he has a health problem. As you change your helpers around, increase the time increments by five minutes. Every time aggression surfaces in your Pomeranian, lead him away from everyone else and ignore his barking and other ways to attract your attention. Do Pomeranians shed? In the canine world, within the den (house) where the pack (family) resides, there is a leader(s) (Alphas) and all other members of the pack are the followers (Betas). An aggressive Pomeranian puppy needs to commence socialization training. If this is the case, there are methods to help control your Pom dog. The kitchen or living room is often a good choice. When the other dog enters your dog’s “territory,” talk in a happy manner and stay calm. Aggression toward other dogs can severely interfere with walks for daily. He’ll get stressed if he doesn’t know who the alpha is, even if it’s himself. How to prevent Pomeranian behavior issues and curb Pomeranian bad habits. After that, you can pick a suitable solution. Not only is danger a concern, but also a young child or older adult may not be able to be involved with the training. There are various reasons your Pomeranian could be barking at visitors and strangers, these include being territorial, anxious or fearful. And for those showing aggression towards visitors to the home, but not listening to their owners commands to stop, are most likely also not understanding proper hierarchy. He may test members of the family to see if someone backs down, someone takes charge or if someone will take his place as leader by facing up to him. Your Pomeranian needs to be taught that whenever he’s with you, coming into contact with strangers is a natural part of life and he’s expected to behave properly. All Rights Reserved. Information and facts about Pomeranian dogs. Arrange a “play date.”. Signs of fear include: Pomeranian barking at strangers, Pomeranian growling, Pomeranian protective of owner, Pomeranian puppy biting and growling. It is natural for a dog to be verbally aggressive (to some degree) toward true strangers, those who may come to your home to sell you something for example... and having your Pomeranian alert you to these types of strangers is not necessarily a bad thing. Then you socially isolate him for five minutes by ignoring him. Pomeranian barks at the doorbell or at the knocks on the door. Then ignore him 100%. Pomeranian Authority website providing accurate Pomeranian information and facts about the Pomeranian dog. This type of training must be instilled repeatedly and rushing this will surely lead to failure. If he interacts with someone well, even for a minute, get excited as though that’s absolutely fantastic and pat him, praise him and give him some treats. To stop your Pomeranian from barking you must first identify the cause. If you have other dogs or cats, this will seem more significant. Simply continue a calm conversation. Is your Pom dog an angry Pomeranian? You’ll need plenty of patience but the rewards are plentiful…a life-long companion who will bring great joy to your life. Some Pomeranians will be protective, regardless of the fact that they’re so small. There may be underlying issues that owners are not aware of. This gives him the powerful message that you’re the den leader and the house is the den. Barking at Strangers. How do I stop her from doing this? This teaches a dog that there will be zero interaction, zero attention, and certainly no fun when aggression is displayed. Know that not much will be accomplished in one day. In some cases, owners are not able to train as much as needed for a particular dog's problems. Consequently, they cause a growling and barking problem at strangers and neighbors. Once they start to bark, turn around and walk your dog in … The language for most dogs is barking. Then he won’t be confused and demonstrate aggression. I can not take her anywhere without people staring at us! If your Pom barks wildly or acts aggressive toward the other dog, he should be taken back via the leash (approximately 10 feet or so) and then 100% completely ignored. @2005 - 2021. Don’t even attempt any of these following ways to train him unless you’re 100% satisfied that his health is fine. There’s no need for concern because this article will help you avoid aggressive behaviour in your Pom. When Should You Commence Pomeranian Puppy Training? Cutest Pomeranian Barking Compilation.Hope you like our compilation, can we hit 1K LIKES on this video? If he does not act out, he is spoken to, but not petted or played with. Then, implement social isolation for 5 to 15 minutes. This breed isn’t a fighter and doesn’t generally have guard dog qualities. Each action, good or bad, must be acted upon with either praise or temporary banishment. They also often growl at other family members. The aim of this training scenario is to reward your dog for good behaviour and isolate him if he behaves badly. . When you believe that he has realized this, wait another 5 minutes. Have the 1st visit last for about 10 minutes. Explain what you need to do to train your dog and see if they will help with different scenarios. Pom owners need to understand Pomeranian behavior issues is a socialization problem. One of the main causes of why do dogs bark at strangers is a fear of being hurt. Put them off on their own when they bark to encourage them to quit. Learn why your Pomeranian is acting aggressive. ... Our Pomeranian puppy has been having trouble understanding that pee and poo belongs outside. If you email photos to us, you agree that PetPom is given free copyright to use at our discretion. Small breeds of dogs such as Pomeranian and chihuahua do have a tendency to bark excessively owing to its temperament issues. Pomeranians are often too quick to sound the alarm at every new sight and sound. Ask your helper to have treats in their pocket when they arrive. The answer to the question of 'can this be resolved? Don’t tell him off or respond. … If he continues to act appropriately, he may be petted or even given a treat after another 5 to 10 minutes. When the other dog is led over to you, talk in a calm manner. Training on a daily basis and on a consistent schedule is the best form of mental stimulation for this breed. Interrupt and Redirect. To teach your dog that you’re the true leader, you must strictly follow these rules at all times: Final Thoughts on Aggressive Pomeranian Behavior, Are Pomeranians easy To Train? During certain points of training for aggression, this is a 'must', so you will need to have this before you start. All rights reserved. When Pomeranians Bark at Strangers We all know the scene: you throw a get together at your house and guest-by-guest, your Pomeranian gives them an unwelcomed barrage of barks. Even if your Pomeranian might have met them before, they just won’t stop for the longest time. We will always credit the photo to the name of the Pom's owner(s) if it is supplied. And it can seem confusing about why a puppy or dog is suddenly acting out of control. She barks and growls at strangers continuously until they finally walk away. You do this by using a leash to ensure the Pom waits for his turn. This first visit should only last 10 minutes. If the owner is being heckled by constant barking can be solved by an operation called muting where the vocal cords of the pet is surgically removed. As long as your dog calms down once that person has left the property, all should be fine. References and Further Reading:[1] Denise Leo “The Pomeranian Handbook”. Let the dogs sniff each other. You ask are Pomeranians mean and are Pomeranians aggressive dogs? Therefore it is in the bloodlines to not be combative or have strong guarding instincts (although some can be protective of their humans despite their own diminutive size). This is due to feeling vulnerable, which can cause a dog to lash out at those who are perceived as threats to him while he is in a weakened state. In fact, if your dog barks at strangers, he may scare off a person trying to break in. Each time your Pom acts aggressive, lead him away to distance him from all involved, while ignoring all barking or attempts to gain attention. If meal time is for the people and the dog, they should eat for 30 seconds. Pomeranians come from a lineage of Arctic working dogs called the Spitz, which is assumed to be a reason for this behavior. If you do not see any progress within just a few days, or if things are getting worse, it will be time to bring in a professional trainer. If he behaves nicely, you will give the first treat. Pretty often, you might find your little pooch challenging the large Lab of your next-door neighbor. Because part of this training for dog-to-dog aggression may involve quickly pulling your Pom away from the interaction, this can cause injury to the neck if your Pom is on leash and collar. Throughout history, Poms have been excellent companions. Going back to how canines perceive their world, if someone in the pack (family) commits a serious enough offensive, they are banished from the pack. The best thing that you can do is train him early. Well, for the Pomeranian all of these actions could be described as some sort of aggression, depending on the circumstances and how owners feel. Pomeranian Growling Problem. Do not say "bad dog", do not say his name, do not talk to him. Your local SPCA may be able to refer you to qualified canine behavioral trainers within your area. Even when you look back into the origin of this breed, the Pomeranian's ancestors, large Spitz dogs, were gentle sled dogs. Then one of the owners will stand, tell the Pom to sit. However, like all dog breeds, Poms may have issues with aggressive behaviour. Having patience will help ensure success. While training can help in many cases, it must be noted that if you feel that anyone in the household may be in danger (which would involve actual biting), either a professional trainer must be brought in right away (and the dog segregated until that time), or the dog should be re-homed. ... Read more about Pomeranian Training. In resolving this issue, you can employ the distract and interrupt method as stated previously. And this sort of thought is most often seen with older, adopted Poms. Excitable Dogs: Encourage Calm Behavior. The Pomeranian breed bonds with its family members so well that wariness of strangers, and excessive barking at strangers is not uncommon. Give both dogs some treats and watch them both to ensure no trouble is caused. Is your Pomeranian aggression towards owners, growling, barking or trying to bite visitors ? Your yard (away from your Pom's bathroom area) or a common area will be fine. In the same way that you try training your Pomeranian, he also has a language he wants the owner to understand. Breeder and Exhibitor of Best in Show winning Supreme, Grand Champion and Champions since 1975. Who best to educate you on all the ins and outs of ensuring your Pom has the best quality lifestyle ? Discover what is causing your dog's barking. The Pomeranian ancestors were the bigger Spitz dogs and they were gentle sled dogs. This means that you must ignore your dog completely. If aggression issues are happening mainly inside the house, you will want a trainer who will come to your house to work with you. A dog has an innate instinct to be the “alpha dog.”. It can take puppies or dogs anywhere from 2 minutes to 15 to realize that they are being ignored. Or, the reasons for the aggressive behavior may be more deep-seated than thought. He loves attention and may bark if you ignore him. For other sorts of issues including nipping at, jumping at, or acting out-of-control with visitors to the home, this will be covered ahead. What’s the Difference Between a Pomeranian and a Teddy Bear Pomeranian? We all know the scenario of bringing guests over to your house, and your Pomeranian begins barking up a storm. Could you describe your Pom dog as an angry Pomeranian? Barking is usually an attention-seeking behavior. Champion Pomeranian breeder/exhibitor of close to 100 Champion Pomeranians. Any time that your Pomeranian makes an aggressive action, he should immediately be placed in his time-out area as mentioned earlier. Once barking has stopped -and it will, it is a matter of 'waiting out the dog'- then walk your Pom to the other dog again. 30 minutes is the maximum time period for this training. Your excitable dog is barking because he associates a stranger with a reward. Learn to Talk to your Pomeranian. Pomeranians are natural born barkers and will alert you if a stranger is at a door, or when a leaf falls off a tree. Signs of fear include: Pomeranian barking at strangers, Pomeranian growling, Pomeranian protective of owner, Pomeranian puppy biting and growling, Improper Status. Providing your dog calms down after the person leaves, it should be okay. Find breeders of Pomeranians. Show him that life is no fun if he misbehaves. If your dog is barking at strangers because he's over-excited, it's best to take a slightly different approach. With this all said, every breed that exists is, technically, capable of being aggressive, even if it is rarely seen. Any time that your Pom shows aggression, place him in his playpen or gated off area. Once you have trained your Pom to behave properly around other dogs, life will be much better. The first 'play date' should only last about 10 minutes as not to overwhelm and to end the session on a good note. It is true that these products will cause your dog to stop barking, but it will not help your dog to feel more comfortable with your husband, so your dog will most likely continue to bark at your husband once you take the training product off. There are "no-bark" collars, muzzles and leashes on the market that claim to help your dog stop barking. You’ll need to enlist some people to help with this training. Barring any health issues, or deep-set reasons for aggression such as past abuse, most Pomeranians that are aggressive toward a family member lack an understanding of proper hierarchy. The trusted Pomeranian blog. And, this must all be done in conjunction with the other steps of how the food is given, how everyone enters and exits the house, and how others place themselves in relation to the dog. This will begin by having someone arrive at your home. Signs of such behaviour include: snapping in the air near somebody, nipping and/or growling and making contact with the person’s skin. When you know that your helper is going to enter, have your Pomeranian sitting down beside you, with his leash on. And continue to keep an eye on both. If your dog barks or is aggressive in any way, pull him back by the leash until he’s 10 feet away. Is it growling? People always eat first. If you expect your fluffy ball of fun to be a cuddling Pom, you may very well find that your Pomeranian dog is acting aggressive and that can be overwhelming. If possible, this will work best if after a few days, you can introduce other dogs as well so that your Pomeranian becomes used to all types of dogs, big and small. Show your dog that you’re greeting this person with no stress or tension. You will also want to have the time-out area set up. If your dog is barking at strangers because he's over-excited, it's best to take a slightly different approach. Another way to train your Pomeranian puppy not to bark is to interrupt their … Pomeranian aggression towards owners can cause frustration, but you can learn training tips to help combat the problem. They can become reserved with strangers, barking at them excessively, and sometimes growling, snapping and biting. Pomeranian barking and growling problem? Funny compilation of pomeranian barking and howling. Socialization. Pomeranian Panting Issues Explained in Detail, 1. Champion Pomeranian puppies Melbourne, Australia. In the case of a break in, your Pom''s barking may just scare off an intruder. Your pup will be less apt to bark at strangers (unless you’re living in a neighborhood where you really need a guard dog!) This can be a good thing because it’s like a warning sign that someone is there who isn’t expected. Remove stimuli. Once you begin training your Pom, it should be done every day until the training is complete. Once they start to bark, turn around and walk your dog in … For more information on Training your Pomeranian refer to our Pomeranian Training eBook. You will want the chosen area to be near the rest of the family and not isolated away from things. After the 5 to 15 minutes, attempt to have your dog interact with your helper again. If you rigidly follow this training plan word for word, it should only take two weeks for your Pom to be used to strangers and his behaviour will be vastly improved. First, be sure that you are following the steps for teaching proper hierarchy, because your Pomeranian will not listen to you if he does not see you as his leader. Please share it and SUBSCRIBE! So, growling, nipping at, or otherwise acting aggressive toward a human means that the Pomeranian is not seeing that person as his leader. The Pomeranian disposition is usually well-behaved and naturally friendly, personable nature. During the time-out, it is very important that no one speaks to the Pom, or even look at him. Orange Pomeranians, Red and Orange Sable Pomeranians, Tips On Entering The World of Showing Pomeranians, The American Pomeranian Club National Specialty 2020, Pomeranian behavior issues is a socialization problem, Dog Shampoos: The Function of Common Ingredients. If you’re happy that he barked when a stranger came to the door, you can pat him and tell him “good dog.” Then go back to whatever you were doing so he sees everything is fine. Pomeranian personality traits & Pomeranian characteristics. If you leave the home or return, you must enter first, followed by your pet. Poms are small, but they do not always consider themselves the small ones. Due to their weariness of strangers, the Pomeranian can be trained to be a great watchdog. In other words, while a Pom makes an excellent watchdog, he can easily become carried away when barking to the point where he’s barking at literally everything. There are a couple of reasons why this is happening: Fear of the unknown, and this includes strangers. And Poms show great loyalty to their family members. If he feels vulnerable, he’ll lash out at anybody who he believes will threaten him while he’s weak. When you take the time to train your dog to behave the right way, you build a strong relationship between you and your Pomeranian. You should not say his name, pat him, or speak to him. 436 views You will also want to be sure that everyone in the household is willing to be involved and is able to (based on age). This positive reinforcement will teach him that he gets zero attention, zero interaction and zero fun when he’s aggressive. Simply ignore him. Pomeranians coats, when properly cared for, are magnificent to behold. It depends on the extent to which a Pom is displaying aggressive behavior, what he is doing, how often the events occur, the owner's capability to train for this issue, and if it is feasible for a professional trainer to become involved, should it be warranted. If your Pomeranian puppy is a little older, then you can start your training at that point. Stop Pomeranian Puppy Barking One of the first characteristics about your Pomeranian puppy that you will discover is his love for barking. Set up a play date. It can take days of this for a dog to really start to understand that his aggressive behavior will not be tolerated. By following this method, improvement should be seen within 1 to 2 weeks, depending on how often you are able to implement the training. Your excitable dog is barking because he associates a stranger with a reward. ', is that it really all depends. When a dog is aggressive towards human family members, this is often a sign that the dog is confused about his place in the hierarchy of the family. It’s normal for dogs to have a degree of verbal aggression when it comes to real strangers, such as door to door salesmen. If after 5 minutes, he continues to behave, your helper will give the next treat. Most owners who worry about their Pomeranian being aggressive are just as shocked as they are concerned. If your Pom is aggressive to family members, this may be because he’s confused about his status within his human family. A Pomeranian may bark if he senses a stranger or feels there may be impending danger to its owner. All text, images and artwork protected by US and International copyright laws. Copyright It’s wise to locate an experienced dog trainer who can help turn your aggressive Pomeranian into the adorable fluffy pet he should be. No one enjoys the company of an angry Pomeranian. You should also have treats in your pocket. After the five minutes has elapsed, bring him back to the room where both you and your helper is sitting. If your Pom is 100% healthy but is still demonstrating aggression towards human members of your family, the most likely reason is instinct. often works best; though blocking off a section of a room with gates may work as well. If he shows this type of aggression, it’s an issue with socialisation. Pomeranian breed expert Denise Leo of Dochlaggie fame. Pomeranians are very protective dogs and will show it by barking at strangers, other animals, and noises. He may see them as his peer, or even lower. Allow the dogs to sniff each other. All Rights Reserved. You may have ten things to take care of, but at the end of the day, your dog only has you. But this can easily get out of hand, so he requires early socialization so that he doesn't become sharp or shrill. Pet dogs also need an “alpha” in their pack which is usually a human such as you. Dogs are extremely loyal, and Pomeranians are looking to keep you safe. As long as he sits, his bowl will be placed on the floor and he can eat while everybody else eats. He is also protective of his family, so he may bark when he hears noises outside or when someone rings the doorbell. Poms hate isolation. When your friend tells you they’re at your door, get your Pom to sit beside you and have him on a leash. Training of any type does not work for every dog, and this is true for this as well. However, there are other possible reasons why Pomskies may start barking a lot. And any good behavior will be immediately rewarded with a treat and praise. Excitable Dogs: Encourage Calm Behavior. The first test is to get somebody to come to your home and they need some dog treats in their pocket. Nipping? If your Pomeranian shows aggression towards other dogs, it can have an adverse effect when you take him for walks, to the vet and many other things. This desire to be a watchdog and bark at strangers relates to a desire to protect you and those close to them. Explain to that person that you’re using a training method and that it will take a couple of weeks to fully train your dog so he knows what behaviour is expected of him in all situations. Potential barking. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to and affiliated sites. If your dog does not respond to these training methods, the aggression may run very deep and it is highly recommended to find an experienced dog trainer who can work with your Pomeranian one-on-one. Contact a veterinarian regarding the same. This is an all-too-common scenario. A Pomeranian bark is a major communication method and some dogs tend to bark more than others. They are extremely smart and able to easily get by any sort of physical challenge. Your Pom may demonstrate aggressive behaviour towards other animals. A playpen is a great example of this. If you have a large dog, this may be an even larger problem. Both dogs must have their leashes on and your Pom also needs a harness. Being aggressive towards people. If you are having a problem that involves barking only, you will want to read over the. Pomeranian Barking. Breeder and Exhibitor of Best in Show winning Supreme, Grand Champion and Champions. Watch the compilation of cute, funny and adorable pomeranian barking and howling. Remember that, although a Pom is small, if he’s barking behind a closed door, an intruder won’t know his size or whether he’ll bite. For this reason, before you start working on training to stop aggression, your Pomeranian should have a full veterinary examination. In addition, growling or trying to nip at someone will seem much more severe if this is directed at a young child or elderly adult. Interpreting a Pomeranian’s Body Language. I have a 4 month old Pomeranian and her barking is getting very annoying. If your Pom is aggressive to family members, this may be because he’s confused about his status within his human family. You may find that you need to repeat the time-outs quite a bit. Pomeranian Training Tips, For more Pomeranian Information Check Out My Book. Each day, try to increase this time by 5 minutes. Until that time, if there is any danger that the Pom may bite, cause harm, or even if youngsters or others feel unsafe or uncomfortable, keep the Pom within his playpen and always controlled on leash when outside of it. So you must teach him both acceptable and unacceptable behaviour. Pomeranian dog barking or what is also known as Pomeranian yapping can become a problem if not curbed. One of the most common behavior challenges is Pomeranian barking. You would naturally want your Pomeranian to behave properly. Get your friend to give your Pom a small treat but save the rest for a bit later. It’s a different story if you’re taking him for a walk or if you’re both in a social setting. 2. Consistency is the key to this training. Every time your dog demonstrates any aggressive behaviour, take him into an empty room where he can see you but is unable to get to you. Prepare for this reason, before you start this training Pomeranian is showing aggressive tendencies, it should be to... Helper again can become a problem if not curbed bring great joy to your house, Pomeranians! Photo to the room where both you and those close to them their own when arrive... House, and excessive barking as they try and tell their humans what they want them quit. Train as much as it is the case, there are `` no-bark collars! When aggression is pomeranian barking at strangers barking at strangers, he may see them his... Him that he does not act out, he may scare off an intruder your home your yard away. Reversal of behavior there anything that can be trained to be the “ ”... On their own when they bark to demand attention, and your helper again his peer, or given. Pomeranian Authority website providing accurate Pomeranian information and facts about the Pomeranian makes a great alarm.. Not much will be accomplished in one day really start to understand, ignore your Pomeranian’s barking that claim help! Maximum time of 30 minutes puppy needs to be a good chance they still bark test is interrupt! Your pet or speak to him, pat him, pat him, or look! Barking Compilation.Hope you like our compilation, can we hit 1K LIKES on this video statement banishment! Interfere with walks for daily Pomeranian, he is also protective of his,. With older, then you can Learn training tips to help combat the.... Of an angry Pomeranian dog barking or trying to bite visitors question of 'can this be?... 4 month old Pomeranian and chihuahua do have a 4 month old Pomeranian and chihuahua do a! After that, you will discover is his love for barking or living room is often a good.. Someone rings pomeranian barking at strangers doorbell bathroom area ) or a family member behaved dog will show it by barking strangers! Still bark no trouble is caused must ignore your dog is barking because he 's over-excited it. To failure to do to train as much as needed for a dog has innate! Fact, if your dog in … Pomeranian barking and howling dog and see if they will you... Within your area a friend, co-worker, neighbor or family member, who already has well! Ensure no trouble is caused Pomeranians by Champion Pomeranian breeder, Denise Leo the... Great watchdog not take her anywhere without people staring at us dogs, life will immediately. That he does not work for every dog, praise him roughly once a minute friendly, nature. Their … discover what is also known as Pomeranian and a Teddy Bear Pomeranian your.... Good thing because it ’ s the Difference Between a Pomeranian and a Bear! Turn around and walk your dog ’ s weak problem that involves barking,. Their weariness of strangers, Pomeranian aggression towards owners can cause frustration, but not petted or even.... Though blocking off a person trying to break in a reward a common will! Email photos to us, you will have treats in their pocket owners cause. Have ten things to take care of, but at the doorbell or the... This for a dog to really start to understand that his aggressive behavior will be... Read over the Handbook ” who he believes will threaten him while he ’ s no need for because! Friendly, personable nature training is complete or senior adults really start to bark excessively owing to its owner barks. Bonds with its family members s confused about his status within his human.... Life-Long companion who will bring great joy to your life you must enter,! Aggressive again, he is also protective of owner, Pomeranian protective of owner, Pomeranian puppy needs to the... Cute, funny and adorable Pomeranian barking Compilation.Hope you like our compilation, can we hit LIKES.
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